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Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 104-110

Surgical treatment of scoliosis in neurofibromatosis type I: A retrospective study on posterior-only correction with third-generation instrumentation

1 Spine Surgery Unit, Orthopaedic and Trauma Centre, Città della Salute e della Scienza di Torino, University of Turin, Italy
2 Department of Clinical and Molecular Sciences, School of Medicine, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona, Italy
3 Department of Orthopaedic and Traumatology, Orthopaedic and Trauma Centre, Città della Salute e della Scienza di Torino, University of Turin, Turin, Italy
4 Department of Pediatric Orthopaedic, Regina Margherita Pediatric Hospital, Turin, Italy

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Alessandro Rava
Department of Orthopaedic and Traumatology, Orthopaedic and Trauma Centre, Città della Salute e della Scienza and Università Politecnica delle Marche, University of Turin, Via Zuretti 29, 10121, Turin
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcvjs.JCVJS_50_20

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Background: Scoliosis is the most common orthopedic complication of neurofibromatosis type I. Scoliosis can be occurred with two patterns: dystrophic or idiopathic-like. In adolescence, in consideration of bone dystrophy, osteopenia, and often associated hyperkyphosis, most of the authors recommend an anterior-posterior approach. According to other authors, modern instrumentations could be sufficient to sustain a solid posterior arthrodesis. Materials and Methods: Ten patients were diagnosed with scoliosis in neurofibromatosis type I aged between 8 and 25 years, Cobb angle of the thoracic curve >45°, and minimum follow-up (FU) of 1 year and treated with posterior-only approach with third-generation high-density instrumentations. Radiographic measurements were performed on the coronal and sagittal planes. Nonparametric tests (Friedman test and Wilcoxon test) were applied to evaluate the reducibility of the preoperative curve (T0), the postoperative surgical correction (T1), and its maintenance on FU. Results: Statistics showed results compared to those evaluated in the literature with a combined approach regarding surgical correction and its maintenance on FU. On T1, a median correction of 53.5% of the scoliotic curve and of 33.7% of the thoracic hyperkyphosis was observed. On FU, the correction was maintained. A global improvement in balance was appreciated. The curves, despite rigid, showed a relative reducibility to bending tests and traction. No significant complications occurred. Conclusions: The posterior-only approach produces a satisfactory correction of the dystrophic neurofibromatosis scoliosis if associated with the use of high-density third-generation instrumentations. We are confident in recommending posterior-only approach in dystrophic neurofibromatosis scoliosis with coronal curves till 110° and coexisting thoracic kyphosis till 80°

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