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Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 193-197

Alternative technique of C1-2-3 stabilization-sectioning of muscles attached to C2 spinous process and C2-3 fixation

Department of Neurosurgery, K.E.M. Hospital and Seth G.S. Medical College, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Atul Goel
Department of Neurosurgery, K.E.M. Hospital and Seth G.S. Medical College, Parel, Mumbai - 400 012, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcvjs.JCVJS_114_20

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Aim: An alternative technique of C1-2-3 fixation is described that blocks the critical anteroposterior odontoid process movements and retains rotatory movement at the atlantoaxial joint. The technique involves sharp section of the muscles attached to the C2 spinous process and C2-3 transarticular interfacetal screw fixation. Materials and Methods: We successfully used this technique of fixation in 14 cases wherein in similar case situation; we earlier advocated inclusion of C1 in the fixation construct. Eleven patients had multisegmental spinal degeneration, 1 patient had Hirayama disease, and 2 patients had ossified posterior longitudinal ligament. Results and Technical Advantages: The procedure avoids manipulating C1 vertebra and excludes it from the fixation process, disables movement of C2 vertebra but retains rotation movements of the atlantoaxial joint that are executed by the muscles attached to the transverse process of atlas. The net effect is that the anteroposterior odontoid process movements that threaten the cervicomedullary neural structures are blocked and the critical rotatory atlantoaxial movements are retained. Conclusions: The discussed technique can be useful for cases undergoing multisegmental fixation that includes atlantoaxial joint.

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