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Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 154-158

Does cranial incidence angle have a role in the tendency toward cervical degenerative disc disease?


1 Department of Neurosurgery, Acıbadem Ankara Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
2 Department of Neurosurgery, Lokman Hekim University, Ankara, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Uygur Er
Söğütözü Blv., 2169. St, No: 22/7, Çankaya, Ankara 06470
Turkey
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jcvjs.jcvjs_145_21

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Purpose: The purpose is to investigate if a correlation existed between the frequency of cervical degenerative disc disease occurrence and cranial incidence (CI) angle. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis of case series. Sagittal parameters of the case series were compared with the sagittal parameters of the same number of consecutive patients with neck pain only but no cervical degenerative disc disease (CDDD). Moreover, CI angle values were noted to be significantly different among groups on variable-based examination. Furthermore, the cervical lordosis (CL) values of men were observed to be significantly different. Therefore, the significant intergroup differences related to the CI angle and CL values support the study hypothesis. Results: No intergroup differences were noted regarding gender and age distribution (p = 0.565; p = 0,498). A significant intergroup difference was observed regarding CS values and the mean vector of CI angle and CL values for men and women (p = 0.002). CI angle values were noted to be significantly different among groups upon variable-based examination (p < 0.001). The CL values of men were observed to be significantly different, but not the CL values of women (p = 0.850). Therefore, the significant intergroup differences related to the CI angle and CL values support the study hypothesis. Conclusions: A reverse correlation between CI angle and CDDD development is demonstrated. This correlation is valid between CL and CDDD development. Therefore, cervical sagittal profile and the CI angle and CL measurements should be performed to follow-up patients with cervical pain.


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